What You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are over 25 Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). The most common ones are:

 

Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases

 

Common STDs

 

Chlamydia

 

Gonorrhea

 

Syphilis

 

Trichomoniasis (parasite)

 

Genital Herpes: Herpes simplex virus

 

Human Papilloma- virus (HPV)

 

Hepatitis B

 

HIV/AIDS

 

Where is it found?

Vagina, Cervix, Urethra, throat, dis- charge from Penis, and rectum.

Vagina, Cervix, Urethra, throat, and rectum.

Genital area, mouth, skin, anus and rectum

Vagina, Cervix, and Urethra

Genitals and/or Rectum

Vagina, Cervix, Penis, Vulva, Anus, Scrotum, and other Genital Areas

Blood, Semen and Vaginal Fluid

Blood, Semen, Cervi- cal and Vaginal Fluid, and Breast Milk

 

How can it be spread?

Oral, Anal, and Vaginal sex; Mother to child.

Oral, Anal, and Vaginal sex; Mother to child.

Oral, Anal, and Vaginal sex; Contact with sores; Mother to child.

Vaginal sex

Oral, Anal, and Vaginal sex; Contact with infected skin; Rarely mother to child.

Anal and Vaginal sex; Contact with infected skin; Rarely mother to child.

Oral, Anal, and Vaginal sex; IV drug use; Moth- er to child.

Oral, Anal, and Vagi- nal sex; IV drug use; Mother to child.

 

What are the possible symptoms and compli- cations?

May not have early symptoms; burning or pain with urina- tion; discharge from penis and vagina; chronic low abdo- men pain; pelvic in- flammatory disease (PID) and infertility may result (mostly in females.)

Males: often have no symptoms, may be burning or pain with urination. Females: often have no symptoms, may have vaginal discharge, may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infertility.

Painless sore, un- treated may spread to brain and/or heart; flu-like symptoms; damage to major body systems if untreated; can cause rash on infant’s skin, birth defects or other problems with organs or possible stillbirth.

Vaginal discharge and itching; burning during urination; Males may have no noticeable symptoms, but can cause temporary irritation in penis; may cause early delivery and low birth weight babies.

Often no symptoms are present; painful blisters or sores, fever and swollen glands may occur; symptoms can recur throughout life, rarely serious infection can occur when passed to newborns.

Most have no symp- toms, but some can get genital warts; can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus and penis.

Often there are no obvious symptoms; jaundice, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, joint pain; can lead to liver cancer and liver failure.

No early symptoms or some flu-like symptoms that are often not noticed; rash; weakens im- mune system; multi- ple severe infections.

 

Prevention

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing and treatment.

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing and treatment.

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing and treatment.

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing and treatment.

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing and treatment.

HPV vaccine (for some strains of HPV); Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monogamous relation- ship with an uninfect- ed partner; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk.

Hepatitis B vaccine, Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Do not share needles; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing.

Abstain from sex; faithful marriage or mutually monoga- mous relationship with an uninfected partner; Do not share needles; Condoms used correctly and consistently reduce but do not eliminate the risk; Testing.

 

Prevention What are the treatments?

 

Antibiotics (perma- nent damage may have occurred prior to treatment.)

 

Antibiotics (perma- nent damage may have occurred prior to treatment.)

 

Antibiotics (perma- nent damage may have occurred prior to treatment.)

 

Antibiotics (permanent damage may have occurred prior to treatment.)

 

Symptom control that can help reduce recurrences, but no cure.

No cure for infection, but medications can remove visible genital warts. Regular Pap testing and follow-up medical treatment may deter development of cervical cancer.

 

Chronic infection can be treated with medi- cation. No cure.

 

Symptom control with medicines (antiretroviral drugs); Lifetime treatment is required; No cure.

 

Sources:

Baeten, J.M.; Nyange, PM; Richardson, B.A. “Hormonal controception and risk of sexually transmitted acquisition. Results from a prospec- tive study, “American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001; 185:380·385.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases fact Sheets. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services. Available at http://www.cdcgov/std/HealthCommlfact_sheets.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexua!ly Transmit- ted Disease Surveillance, 2003. Atlanta, GA US. Department of health and human Services,

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, September 2004.

National lnstitute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, National Institute of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Workshop Summary: Scientific Evidence on Condom Effectiveness for Sexually Transmitted Disease

(STD) Prevention, June 2000 Available at http://www.nioid.nih.gov/dmid!stds/condomreport.pdf

Wold, A; lcngengerg, A. G. and Link, K. “Effect of condoms on reducing the transmission of herpes simplex virus type 2 from men to women, “JAMA 200), 255 3l00-3)06

Copyright © 2016 Caring Hearts. All Rights Reserved.